Back in February, I posted an entry about adding Ajax functionality to the built-in comments app. I always intended to go back and improve this method, but didn't get the chance until now. Yesterday I decided to take another look, and I found a much better way of achieving this functionality without violating the DRY principal like I did originally. I've posted the code on Bitbucket as django-ajaxcomments, and I'm releasing it under the same BSD license that Django uses.
The Problem With Copy & Paste
In my original post, I copied the
django.contrib.comments.views.comments.post_comment view and then modified certain pieces of it to return JSON instead so that the jQuery callback function could interpret the results. The problem with this is that the
post_comment view has changed since then, and it will continue to change. If I continued to maintain the project as it was, I would have to watch
post_comments for changes and update my project accordingly. If I missed an important change, then my project would instantly become unusable with the latest version of Django. This goes against DRY, one of the core principals that Django written with.
Decorators to the Rescue
One of the great features of the Python programming language is its decorator syntax, which allows a programmer to wrap a function around another function in order to enhance the function without changing its original source code. Since Django views are Python functions, they can be decorated like any other Python function.
Using this feature I was able to intercept any calls that the
post_comment view made to its instance of the
next_redirect functions. My wrapper checks to see if the request was made through Ajax (using Django 1.0's
Including the Current Request Object
In order to make this decorator work, I needed to provide it with the current HttpRequest object each time it is called. To do this, I created another decorator to wrap the
post_comment view itself. This decorator re-wraps the instances of
next_redirect with the current request object each time the
post_comment view is called.
Putting it all Together
To finish up, I altered my original jQuery function to interpret errors from the JSON response and highlight the errors inline on the form. I added my decorators and the necessary imports to an
ajaxcomments/utils.py file, and then imported this file from a blank
ajaxcomments/models.py file so that it would be invoked when Django loads installed applications.
To take a look at the project's source code, and to get instructions on how to install it within your own project, head to the Bitbucket page and take a look at my wiki entry. If you have problems, please submit issues on Bitbucket and I'd be glad to help out!